Freud’s psychosexual theory emphasizes the importance of basic needs and biological forces, while Erikson’s psychosocial theory is based upon social and environmental factors. Erikson also expands his theory into adulthood, while Freud’s theory ends at an earlier period.
How does Erikson’s theory differ from that of Freud?
Like Freud, Erikson recognized the importance of the unconscious on development. He also believed that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan.
How did the works of Sigmund Freud influence the work of Erik Erikson?
While Freud’s theory had focused on the psychosexual aspects of development, Erikson’s addition of other influences helped to broaden and expand psychoanalytic theory. He also contributed to our understanding of personality as it is developed and shaped over the course of the lifespan.
What is Freud’s view about child and adolescent development?
Freud described children as going through multiple stages of sexual development, which he labeled Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital. In Freud’s view, each stage focused on sexual activity and the pleasure received from a particular area of the body.
Why is Erik Erikson Theory important?
Support. One of the strengths of psychosocial theory is that it provides a broad framework from which to view development throughout the entire lifespan. It also allows us to emphasize the social nature of human beings and the important influence that social relationships have on development.
What is Erikson’s theory based on?
Erik Erikson (1902–1994) was a stage theorist who took Freud’s controversial theory of psychosexual development and modified it as a psychosocial theory. Erikson emphasized that the ego makes positive contributions to development by mastering attitudes, ideas, and skills at each stage of development.
Is Erik Erikson’s theory still used today?
Erikson’s theory has always been popular, but as our society has become increasingly older the need has grown to understand the aged individual, making Erikson’s perspective even more valuable and relevant today than it was when he first proposed it.
Who was Erikson influenced by?
Эрик Хомбургер Эриксон/На кого оказано влияние
What is Sigmund Freud’s theory?
In Freudian theory, the human mind is structured into two main parts: the conscious and unconscious mind. … In addition to these two main components of the mind, the Freudian theory also divides human personality up into three major components: the id, ego, and superego.
How is Freud’s theory used in schools?
Though primarily of historical interest, an understanding of Freudian theory may give classroom teachers insight into the importance of unconscious feelings and drives that motivate some student behavior. … Students learn with greater understanding when they share ideas through conversation, debate, and negotiation.
What does the ID mean?
According to Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, the id is the personality component made up of unconscious psychic energy that works to satisfy basic urges, needs, and desires.
What are the three theories of adolescence?
In the second part, six theoretical perspectives on adolescence are discussed. They are the lifespan perspective, the learning perspective, the humanistic perspective, the ecological perspective, the sociocultural perspective, and the positive youth development perspective.
What is the main idea of Erik Erikson’s theory of the individual’s development?
The key idea in Erikson’s theory is that the individual faces a conflict at each stage, which may or may not be successfully resolved within that stage. For example, he called the first stage ‘Trust vs Mistrust’. If the quality of care is good in infancy, the child learns to trust the world to meet her needs.
What is the central theme of Erikson’s theory?
The central theme of Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory is that people’s egos and personalities require development through a series of eight stages…