The nervous system derives its name from nerves, which are cylindrical bundles of fibers (the axons of neurons), that emanate from the brain and spinal cord, and branch repeatedly to innervate every part of the body.
Who named the nervous system?
He was born in Chalcedon, Asia Minor (now Turkey) in the late 4th Century BC, but did his important work in Alexandria. Herophilus was the first to examine and report on the structure of the nervous system.
What are the 3 nervous systems?
The nervous system comprises the central nervous system, consisting of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, consisting of the cranial, spinal, and peripheral nerves, together with their motor and sensory endings.
What does the word nervous system mean?
Nervous system is defined as all the cells, tissues and nerves that coordinate responses to internal and external stimuli. … The nervous system of vertebrates is a complex information-processing system that consists mainly of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and autonomic nerves.
What is the nervous system called?
The nervous system is the part of an animal’s body that coordinates its behavior and transmits signals between different body areas. In vertebrates it consists of two main parts, called the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS).
Who discovered the human brain?
Not until the 1660s did the anatomy of the brain change significantly. Within a few years of each other, the English physician Thomas Willis published his Anatomy of the Brain (1664) and the Danish anatomist Nicolaus Steno published his Lecture on the Anatomy of the Brain (1669).
What is nervous system with diagram?
The nervous system has two main parts: The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
What is nervous system Class 5?
The nervous system is a system in the body which sends signals around the body. It lets people and animals respond to what is around them. … The structure of the system includes the brain and spinal cord, which together are called the central nervous system.
What is nervous system of human body?
Human nervous system, system that conducts stimuli from sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord and conducts impulses back to other parts of the body.
What is nervous system short answer?
The nervous system is a complex network of nerves and cells that carry messages to and from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body. … The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system is made up of the Somatic and the Autonomic nervous systems.
What is nervous system explain with example?
The nervous system is made up of all the nerve cells in your body. … For example, if you touch a hot plate, you reflexively pull back your hand and your nerves simultaneously send pain signals to your brain. Metabolic processes are also controlled by the nervous system.
What is nervous system function?
The nervous system is the major controlling, regulatory, and communicating system in the body. It is the center of all mental activity including thought, learning, and memory. Together with the endocrine system, the nervous system is responsible for regulating and maintaining homeostasis.
What organs are in nervous system?
The anatomy of the nervous system in humans consists of the brain and spinal cord, along with the primary sense organs and all the nerves associated with these organs. The brain and the spinal cord form the central nervous system (CNS).
What are the top 3 common nervous system disorders?
Nervous system diseases
- Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. …
- Bell’s palsy. Bell’s palsy is a sudden weakness or paralysis of facial muscles on one side of the face. …
- Cerebral palsy. …
- Epilepsy. …
- Motor neurone disease (MND) …
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) …
- Neurofibromatosis. …
- Parkinson’s disease.
What are the 5 main parts of the nervous system?
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.
How many nervous system do we have in our body?
It is essentially the body’s electrical wiring. Structurally, the nervous system has two components: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. According to the National Institutes of Health, the central nervous system is made up of the brain, spinal cord and nerves.