We suggest four types of basic emotions (fear, anger, joy and sadness) which are systematically differentiated into a diversity of more complex emotions during emotional development.
How do you categorize emotions?
Emotions are categorized into various affects, which correspond to the current situation.
- William James in 1890 proposed four basic emotions: fear, grief, love, and rage, based on bodily involvement.
- Paul Ekman identified six basic emotions: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise.
What are the 3 elements of emotion?
Key Elements of Emotions. In order to better understand what emotions are, let’s focus on their three key elements, known as the subjective experience, the physiological response, and the behavioral response.
What qualifies as an emotion?
Emotions are responses to significant internal and external events. Emotions can be occurrences (e.g., panic) or dispositions (e.g., hostility), and short-lived (e.g., anger) or long-lived (e.g., grief). Psychotherapist Michael C. Graham describes all emotions as existing on a continuum of intensity.
Do emotions have opposites?
Primary: The eight sectors are designed to indicate that there are eight primary emotions: anger, anticipation, joy, trust, fear, surprise, sadness and disgust. Opposites: Each primary emotion has a polar opposite. … Fear is the opposite of anger.
What are the 30 emotions?
Robert Plutchik’s theory
- Fear → feeling of being afraid , frightened, scared.
- Anger → feeling angry. …
- Sadness → feeling sad. …
- Joy → feeling happy. …
- Disgust → feeling something is wrong or nasty. …
- Surprise → being unprepared for something.
- Trust → a positive emotion; admiration is stronger; acceptance is weaker.
What are the 10 basic emotions?
10 Basic Emotions and What They’re Trying To Tell You
- Happiness. One of the first core emotions we all experience is happiness. …
- Sadness. Next comes sadness, an emotion that we feel whenever we experience the loss of something important in our lives. …
- Anger. …
- Anticipation. …
- Fear. …
- Loneliness. …
- Jealousy. …
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What are the 12 emotions?
More recently, Carroll Izard at the University of Delaware factor analytically delineated 12 discrete emotions labeled: Interest, Joy, Surprise, Sadness, Anger, Disgust, Contempt, Self-Hostility, Fear, Shame, Shyness, and Guilt (as measured via his Differential Emotions Scale or DES-IV).
What are the 7 human emotions?
Based on his theory, Ekman proposed that there are seven emotional expressions universal to people all over the world: happiness, sadness, surprise, fear, anger, disgust, and contempt.
What are the six universal emotions?
During the 1970s, psychologist Paul Eckman identified six basic emotions that he suggested were universally experienced in all human cultures. The emotions he identified were happiness, sadness, disgust, fear, surprise, and anger.
What is the strongest emotion?
Fear is among the most powerful of all emotions. And since emotions are far more powerful than thoughts, fear can overcome even the strongest parts of our intelligence.
What is emotion and its types?
There are six basic emotions that are universally experienced in all people irrespective of their cultures. These emotions are sadness, happiness, disgust, surprise, fear and anger. If we try to go further and expand these emotions, we will come up with other emotions such as shame, pride, excitement and embarrassment.
What is emotion in simple words?
An emotion is a feeling such as happiness, love, fear, anger, or hatred, which can be caused by the situation that you are in or the people you are with. … Emotion is the part of a person’s character that consists of their feelings, as opposed to their thoughts.
Is hiding emotions healthy or not?
Hiding your feelings has a high cost. A study from the University of Texas found that when we avoid our emotions, we’re actually making them stronger — this can create serious implications for your body and mind. Bottling up emotions can make people more aggressive,” according to the research.
What is the most complex emotion?
Complex emotions, such as grief, regret, and jealousy, have highly variable appearances and compositions. Basic emotions, which include sadness, anger, fear, disgust, contempt, joy, and surprise, are so-called because they are associated with universally recognizable facial expressions (see image).
What are the 8 human emotions?
Even though many psychologists have accepted the theory of basic emotions, there is no consensus about the precise number of basic emotions. Robert Plutchik proposed eight primary emotions: anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surprise, anticipation, trust and joy, and arranged them in a color wheel.