How many cases of ADHD are misdiagnosed?

Overall, the study found that about 20 percent – or 900,000 – of the 4.5 million children currently identified as having ADHD likely have been misdiagnosed.

Why is ADHD so commonly misdiagnosed?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, misdiagnosis can happen because many of its symptoms overlap with those of other conditions. The symptoms of ADHD — such as difficulty concentrating, restlessness, and finding it hard to respond to instructions — can all arise from a wide variety of causes.

What other conditions can mimic ADHD?

5 common problems that can mimic ADHD

  • Hearing problems. If you can’t hear well, it’s hard to pay attention — and easy to get distracted. …
  • Learning or cognitive disabilities. If children don’t understand what’s going on around them, it’s hard for them to focus and join in classwork. …
  • Sleep problems. …
  • Depression or anxiety. …
  • Substance abuse.

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What percentage of ADHD occurs with another disorder?

Roughly 80 percent of those with ADHD are diagnosed with at least one other psychiatric disorder sometime during their life. The most common ADHD comorbidities are learning disabilities, anxiety, depression, sensory processing disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder.

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Is ADHD being overdiagnosed?

ADHD Is Now Widely Overdiagnosed and for Multiple Reasons.

Does ADHD get worse with age?

Hormonal changes can cause ADHD symptoms to worsen, making life even more difficult for women. For men and women, aging can also lead to cognitive changes.

Can ADHD be mistaken for autism?

Symptoms of ADHD and autism

In the earliest stages, it’s not unusual for ADHD and ASD to be mistaken for the other. Children with either condition may experience trouble communicating and focusing. Although they have some similarities, they’re still two distinct conditions.

Can ADHD be mistaken for bipolar?

Bipolar disorder does exist in children, though it’s commonly misdiagnosed as ADHD. Parents of children with ADHD describe their babies as colicky, always crying, difficult sleepers, or always moving around. Children are born with ADHD symptoms; bipolar is a condition that develops and even grows in intensity.

Can ADHD be mistaken for depression?

Adult ADHD is often misdiagnosed as depression or an anxiety disorder, and can be overlooked as the source of such symptoms. Depression and anxiety often accompany ADHD because difficulty with executive brain functions can trigger both.

Can a child be hyperactive and not have ADHD?

Can a Child Who’s Not Hyperactive Have ADHD? Yes. Kids who have trouble focusing but are not unusually restless or impulsive have a more inattentive type ADHD. They tend to be diagnosed later because they are less prone to disruptive or problematic behavior that comes to the attention of teachers and parents.

At what age does ADHD peak?

At what age are symptoms of ADHD the worst? The symptoms of hyperactivity are typically most severe at age 7 to 8, gradually declining thereafter. Peak severity of impulsive behaviour is usually at age 7 or 8.

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What is the root cause of ADHD?

Genetics. ADHD tends to run in families and, in most cases, it’s thought the genes you inherit from your parents are a significant factor in developing the condition. Research shows that parents and siblings of a child with ADHD are more likely to have ADHD themselves.

Can ADHD ruin a marriage?

Marriages affected by ADHD, like all marriages, range from highly successful to completely disastrous. It is safe to say, though, that those distorted by ADHD symptoms sit squarely in “the worst of times.” Pain and anger abound. During the worst times, you can barely talk to each other.

Can ADHD turn into schizophrenia?

ADHD tends to start at a younger age, and symptoms often improve with time, although they can continue into adulthood. Some people with ADHD go on to develop symptoms of schizophrenia, including psychosis. Schizophrenia is usually a long-term condition.

Why is ADHD so common now?

Today many sociologists and neuroscientists believe that regardless of A.D.H.D.’s biological basis, the explosion in rates of diagnosis is caused by sociological factors — especially ones related to education and the changing expectations we have for kids. During the same 30 years when A.D.H.D.

Can you grow out of ADHD?

ADHD symptoms change as children get older, and it’s estimated that about a third of children who are diagnosed with the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder will no longer meet the criteria by the time they reach young adulthood.

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