Given a wealth of evidence, the National Institute of Mental Health has concluded that ADHD is a real medical condition. So has the American Psychological Association, which includes ADHD in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the bible of mental-health professionals.
Why is ADHD considered to be a controversial diagnosis?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) controversies include concerns about its unclear existence, causes, perceived overdiagnosis, and methods of treatment, especially with the use of stimulant medications in children. These controversies have surrounded the subject since at least the 1970s.
Is ADHD being overdiagnosed?
Overdiagnosis is a problem because it leads to overtreatment. The increasing diagnosis of adult ADHD could lead to stimulant prescriptions for people who would not benefit from them. The diagnosis of adult ADHD should be more systematic and carried out with caution.
What happens if ADHD is left untreated?
Untreated ADHD in an adult can lead to significant problems with education, social and family situations and relationships, employment, self-esteem, and emotional health. It is never too late to recognize, diagnose, and treat ADHD and any other mental health condition that can commonly occur with it.
Can you see ADHD on a brain scan?
Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to identify people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from patients without the condition, according to a new study published in Radiology. Information from brain MRIs may also help to distinguish among subtypes of ADHD.
Can ADHD turn into schizophrenia?
Children and teenagers with ADHD may be 4.3 times more likely to develop schizophrenia as adults than people without ADHD. Close relatives of people with ADHD may be more likely than second-degree relatives to receive a diagnosis of schizophrenia, suggesting that it may have a genetic component.
Why is ADHD so common now?
Today many sociologists and neuroscientists believe that regardless of A.D.H.D.’s biological basis, the explosion in rates of diagnosis is caused by sociological factors — especially ones related to education and the changing expectations we have for kids. During the same 30 years when A.D.H.D.
Can you grow out of ADHD?
ADHD changes over time, but it’s rarely outgrown
Though ADHD is chronic in nature, symptoms may certainly present in differing ways as a person moves through life stages. These symptoms may even diminish as that person grows older—for example, hyperactivity and fidgetiness may decrease with age.
How a person with ADHD thinks?
Individuals with ADHD often see themselves as misunderstood, unappreciated, and attacked for no reason. Alienation is a common theme. Many think that only another person with ADHD could possibly “get” them.
Is ADHD a form of autism?
ADHD is not on the autism spectrum, but they have some of the same symptoms. And having one of these conditions increases the chances of having the other. Experts have changed the way they think about how autism and ADHD are related.
Does ADHD get worse with age?
Hormonal changes can cause ADHD symptoms to worsen, making life even more difficult for women. For men and women, aging can also lead to cognitive changes.
Is ADHD inherited from father?
Genetics. ADHD tends to run in families and, in most cases, it’s thought the genes you inherit from your parents are a significant factor in developing the condition. Research shows that parents and siblings of a child with ADHD are more likely to have ADHD themselves.
Is there a biological test for ADHD?
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved one biological test to help diagnose ADHD in children from 6 to 17 years old. It’s called the Neuropsychiatric EEG-Based Assessment Aid (NEBA) System. It records the type and number of brain waves that nerve cells give off each second.
Does an ADHD brain look different?
ADHD: Large imaging study confirms differences in several brain regions. The largest imaging study of its kind finds that people diagnosed with ADHD have altered brains. It identifies size differences in several brain regions and the brain overall, with the greatest differences seen in children rather than adults.