In the United States, there is concern that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children is overdiagnosed. The American Psychiatric Association estimates that 5 percent of children have ADHD, yet the United States Center for Disease Control estimates that up to 11 percent are diagnosed with this condition.
Is ADHD being overdiagnosed?
ADHD Is Now Widely Overdiagnosed and for Multiple Reasons.
Is ADHD overdiagnosed or underdiagnosed?
Clinical Points. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an underdiagnosed, undertreated, and often comorbid and debilitating condition in adults.
Why is ADHD so commonly misdiagnosed?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, misdiagnosis can happen because many of its symptoms overlap with those of other conditions. The symptoms of ADHD — such as difficulty concentrating, restlessness, and finding it hard to respond to instructions — can all arise from a wide variety of causes.
Is ADHD commonly misdiagnosed?
Overall, the study found that about 20 percent – or 900,000 – of the 4.5 million children currently identified as having ADHD likely have been misdiagnosed.
Can ADHD turn into schizophrenia?
ADHD tends to start at a younger age, and symptoms often improve with time, although they can continue into adulthood. Some people with ADHD go on to develop symptoms of schizophrenia, including psychosis. Schizophrenia is usually a long-term condition.
Why is ADHD so common now?
Today many sociologists and neuroscientists believe that regardless of A.D.H.D.’s biological basis, the explosion in rates of diagnosis is caused by sociological factors — especially ones related to education and the changing expectations we have for kids. During the same 30 years when A.D.H.D.
Can you grow out of ADHD?
ADHD symptoms change as children get older, and it’s estimated that about a third of children who are diagnosed with the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder will no longer meet the criteria by the time they reach young adulthood.
Why don t girls get diagnosed with ADHD?
According to Nadeau, many women go undiagnosed because the criteria doctors use to diagnose ADHD are outdated. For example, the criteria indicate that ADHD is to be considered as a potential diagnosis only if the patient has experienced significant symptoms from an early age.
What Causes ADHD?
Causes of ADHD
In addition to genetics, scientists are studying other possible causes and risk factors including: Brain injury. Exposure to environmental (e.g., lead) during pregnancy or at a young age. Alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy.
Can ADHD be cured?
ADHD can’t be prevented or cured. But spotting it early, plus having a good treatment and education plan, can help a child or adult with ADHD manage their symptoms.
Does ADHD get worse with age?
Hormonal changes can cause ADHD symptoms to worsen, making life even more difficult for women. For men and women, aging can also lead to cognitive changes.
Is ADHD like bipolar?
Bipolar disorder is primarily a mood disorder. ADHD affects attention and behavior; it causes symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. While ADHD is chronic or ongoing, bipolar disorder is usually episodic, with periods of normal mood interspersed with depression, mania, or hypomania.
Is ADHD a mild form of autism?
Autism spectrum disorder and ADHD are related in several ways. ADHD is not on the autism spectrum, but they have some of the same symptoms. And having one of these conditions increases the chances of having the other. Experts have changed the way they think about how autism and ADHD are related.
What ADHD feels like?
The symptoms include an inability to focus, being easily distracted, hyperactivity, poor organization skills, and impulsiveness. Not everyone who has ADHD has all these symptoms. They vary from person to person and tend to change with age.
Does ADD affect emotions?
Trouble managing emotions is a common ADHD symptom. Emotions can feel more intense with ADHD and get in the way of everyday life.