Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled . Midget: The term was used in the past to describe an unusually short and proportionate person.
What is the politically correct term for mentally disabled?
Term Now Used: intellectual disability. Term no longer in use: mentally handicapped. Term Now Used: intellectually disabled. Term no longer in use: normal. Term Now Used: non-disabled.
How do you refer to mental disability?
Use the term “disability,” and take the following terms out of your vocabulary when talking about or talking to people with disabilities. Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.”
What does being mentally disabled mean?
Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.
What is a mentally ill person called?
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode.
How do you describe someone with a disability?
Emphasize the individual not the disability. Rather than using terms such as disabled person, handicapped people, a crippled person, use terms such as people/persons with disabilities, a person with a disability, or a person with a visual impairment.
What causes mental retardation?
Causes of mental retardation include fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effect; brain damage caused by the use of prescription or illegal drugs during pregnancy; brain injury and disease; and genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome.
What do you feel when you see persons with disabilities?
It’s a natural human response to look at people who are different, but staring can make a person with disabilities feel dehumanized. … It’s not everyday you see a person without arms, much less a woman without arms, traveling alone.
What are signs of low IQ?
Lower than average scores on IQ tests. Difficulties talking or talking late. Having problems remembering things. Inability to connect actions with consequences.
Is mental illness a mental disability?
Mental illness is a leading cause of disability. Untreated mental illness can cause severe emotional, behavioral and physical health problems. Complications sometimes linked to mental illness include: Unhappiness and decreased enjoyment of life.
What is the difference between mental illness and mental retardation?
1. There is no difference between mental retardation and mental illness. 3. Mentally retarded persons have the same emotional needs as other people.
What are the 5 signs of mental illness?
The five main warning signs of mental illness are as follows:
- Excessive paranoia, worry, or anxiety.
- Long-lasting sadness or irritability.
- Extreme changes in moods.
- Social withdrawal.
- Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping pattern.
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Is overreacting a mental illness?
Overreacting is a symptom of bipolar disorder. 1 Hearing harsh words that would be painful to anyone, you may well respond with extreme anger or dark depression. Even a sad movie can make a person with bipolar disorder overreact.
What do you say to someone with mental illness?
“I’m really sorry you’re going through this. I’m here for you if you need me.” Remind them that their feelings are valid and that you want to support them.