Each subdivision has structural and functional characteristics that distinguish it from the others. The nervous system as a whole is divided into two subdivisions: the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS).
What are the 2 structures of the central nervous system?
The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord.
What are the two major divisions of the nervous system and what are their basic functions?
There are two ways to consider how the nervous system is divided functionally. First, the basic functions of the nervous system are sensation, integration, and response. Secondly, control of the body can be somatic or autonomic—divisions that are largely defined by the structures that are involved in the response.
What is the structure of the nervous system?
The central nervous system contains the Brain and the Spinal cord, therefore neurons outside of the brain and spinal cord such as motor neurons or sensory neurons that extend to the rest of the body are considered the peripheral neurons.
What are the top 3 common nervous system disorders?
Nervous system diseases
- Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. …
- Bell’s palsy. Bell’s palsy is a sudden weakness or paralysis of facial muscles on one side of the face. …
- Cerebral palsy. …
- Epilepsy. …
- Motor neurone disease (MND) …
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) …
- Neurofibromatosis. …
- Parkinson’s disease.
What is the main function of the peripheral nervous system?
The PNS has three basic functions: (1) conveying motor commands to all voluntary striated muscles in the body; (2) carrying sensory information about the external world and the body to the brain and spinal cord (except visual information: the optic nerves, which convey information from the retina to the brain, are in …
What are the structural and functional classifications of the nervous system?
There are three broad functional classifications of nerves – sensory (afferent), intermediate and motor (efferent). There are key structural differences between these three types: Sensory nerves – small axons and psuedounipolar structure. Motor nerves – larger axons and multipolar structure.
What is nervous system and its function?
The nervous system is involved in receiving information about the environment around us (sensation) and generating responses to that information (motor responses). The nervous system can be divided into regions that are responsible for sensation (sensory functions) and for the response (motor functions).
What are the four functions of the nervous system?
The four main functions of the nervous system are:
- Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. …
- Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. …
- Memory and learning. …
- Voluntary control of movement.
What are the 5 main parts of the nervous system?
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.
What are the three basic functions of the nervous system?
The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output. In the PNS, sensory receptor neurons respond to physical stimuli in our environment, like touch or temperature, and send signals that inform the CNS of the state of the body and the external environment.
How many nervous systems are there?
The nervous system has two parts, called the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system due to their location in the body.
What are neurological symptoms?
Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms. Examples of symptoms include paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness.
What are the signs of neurological problems?
Signs and symptoms of nervous system disorders
- Persistent or sudden onset of a headache.
- A headache that changes or is different.
- Loss of feeling or tingling.
- Weakness or loss of muscle strength.
- Loss of sight or double vision.
- Memory loss.
- Impaired mental ability.
- Lack of coordination.
What disease attacks your nervous system?
What is Guillain-Barré syndrome? Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare neurological disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks part of its peripheral nervous system—the network of nerves located outside of the brain and spinal cord.