Nervous tissue is one of four major classes of tissues. It is specialized tissue found in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. It consists of neurons and supporting cells called neuroglia. The nervous system is responsible for the control of the body and the communication among its parts.
What are the main features of nervous tissue?
Nervous tissue contains two categories of cells — neurons and neuroglia. Neurons are highly specialized nerve cells that generate and conduct nerve impulses. Neuroglia are supporting cells that provide physical sport, remove debris, and provide electrical insulation.
What are the functions of nervous tissue?
Nervous tissue is found in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. It is responsible for coordinating and controlling many body activities. It stimulates muscle contraction, creates an awareness of the environment, and plays a major role in emotions, memory, and reasoning.
What are the characteristics of nerve cell?
Types of Neurons (Nerve Cells)
- Neurons are surrounded by a cell membrane.
- Neurons have a nucleus that contains genes.
- Neurons contain cytoplasm, mitochondria and other organelles.
- Neurons carry out basic cellular processes such as protein synthesis and energy production.
What are the four characteristics of the nervous system?
The characteristics of the nervous system are:
- It is made up of numerous nerve cells.
- Nerve cells are excitable and respond to external stimuli.
- Nerve cells show conductivity by transmitting signals from one cell to the other.
- Transmission of signals is through neurotransmitters.
- The brain is the major organ.
What are the two main functions of nervous tissue?
Integration and communication are the two major functions of nervous tissue. Nervous tissue contains two categories of cells — neurons and neuroglia. Neurons are highly specialized nerve cells that generate and conduct nerve impulses.
What are the 3 types of nervous tissue?
Your nervous system is involved in everything your body does, from regulating your breathing to controlling your muscles to sensing heat and cold. There are three types of nerves in your body: autonomic nerves, motor nerves, and sensory nerves.
What is the main function of tissue?
Epithelial tissues act as coverings, controlling the movement of materials across their surface. Connective tissue binds the various parts of the body together, providing support and protection. Muscle tissue allows the body to move and nervous tissues functions in communication.
What are the 3 main functions of nervous system?
The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output. In the PNS, sensory receptor neurons respond to physical stimuli in our environment, like touch or temperature, and send signals that inform the CNS of the state of the body and the external environment.
What is nervous tissue and its types?
Structure. Nervous tissue is composed of neurons, also called nerve cells, and neuroglial cells. Four types of neuroglia found in the CNS are astrocytes, microglial cells, ependymal cells, and oligodendrocytes. Two types of neuroglia found in the PNS are satellite cells and Schwann cells.
Where is nerve cell found in our body?
The target cells of neurons include other nerve cells in the brain, spinal cord, and autonomic ganglia, and the cells of muscles and glands throughout the body.
What is nervous tissue and its function Class 9?
Nervous or the nerve tissue is the main tissue of our nervous system. It monitors and regulates the functions of the body. Nervous tissue consists of two cells: nerve cells or neurons and glial cells, which helps transmit nerve impulses and also provides nutrients to neurons.
What is the function of nerve cell class 8?
Answer: The function of a nerve cell is to transmit messages to the brain and also to take away messages from the brain to the receptor organs. Thus, it controls the working of different parts of the body.
What is nervous system and how it works?
The nervous system takes in information through our senses, processes the information and triggers reactions, such as making your muscles move or causing you to feel pain. For example, if you touch a hot plate, you reflexively pull back your hand and your nerves simultaneously send pain signals to your brain.
What are the two types of nervous systems?
The nervous system has two main parts:
- The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord.
- The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
1 окт. 2018 г.
What is the purpose structure and function of the central nervous system?
The central nervous system (CNS) controls most functions of the body and mind. It consists of two parts: the brain and the spinal cord. The brain is the center of our thoughts, the interpreter of our external environment, and the origin of control over body movement.