What do contagion and convergence theories say about crowd behavior?

Whereas the contagion theory states that crowds cause people to act in a certain way, convergence theory says the opposite. People who want to act in a certain way intentionally come together to form crowds.

What does convergence theory say about crowd behavior?

Convergence theory considers how like-minded individuals come together to form crowds and how individuals shape crowd behavior. Convergence theory argues that crowd behavior is a reflection of the beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that individuals bring to a crowd.

What is the difference between the contagion theory and the convergence theory?

Contagion theory assumes that individuals act irrationally as they come under the hypnotic influence of a crowd. … Convergence theory assumes that crowd behavior reflects the preexisting values and beliefs and behavioral disposition of the individuals who join a crowd.

What is the theory of contagion?

Contagion theory is a theory of collective behavior which explains that the crowd can cause a hypnotic impact on individuals. … These entire theories share a basic idea of how individual can act briefly unreasonable or inconsistent within a group and become normal when they are not in it.

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What is crowd theory?

Le Bon’s 1895 book, The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind, attributed crowd behavior to the ‘collective racial unconscious’ of the mob overtaking individuals’ sense of self and personality and personal responsibility. … The theory suggests that crowds exert a sort of hypnotic influence on their members.

What are the 4 types of crowds?

The four types he distinguished are casual crowds, conventional crowds, expressive crowds, and acting crowds. A fifth type, protest crowds, has also been distinguished by other scholars.

How does Gustave Le Bon define emotional contagion?

It refers to the propensity for a person to copy a certain behavior of others who are either in the vicinity, or whom they have been exposed to. The term was originally used by Gustave Le Bon in his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind to explain undesirable aspects of behavior of people in crowds.

What is the emergent norm theory?

Emergent norm theory hypothesizes that non- traditional behavior (such as that associated with collective action) develops in crowds as a result of the emergence of new behavioral norms in response to a precipitating crisis. … The norms that develop within crowds are not strict rules for behavior.

What is a criticism of contagion theory?

Criticisms of Contagion Theory

The theory does not have much theoretical implications explained. It is mostly based on empirical evidence. Contagion is taken as an infection which is uncontrollable.

What is convergence theory in psychology?

a conceptual analysis of collective behavior that assumes that mobs, social movements, and other forms of mass action occur when individuals with similar needs, values, goals, or personalities come together.

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Is contagion a real word?

This phenomenon can be described as a contagion, the spreading of an emotional or mental state (in this case, fatigue). … Contagion is akin to the word contagious, an adjective describing things that spread from person to person, like certain diseases… and yawning.

Is the movie Contagion on Netflix?

VIRUS thriller Contagion is available to watch on Netflix NOW, just in case you weren’t freaking out enough during lockdown. In scenes scarily similar to the current Covid-19 pandemic, the Steven Soderbergh film follows civilians and medics trying to deal with a killer virus outbreak.

What does contagion mean in psychology?

The Macmillan Dictionary of Psychology (Sutherland 1995) defines contagion as “the spread of ideas, feelings and, some think, neuroses through a community or group by suggestion, gossip, imitation etc.”

What are the three major theories that explain crowd behavior?

In this lesson, we will discuss three different theories to explain crowd behavior: contagion theory, convergent theory, and emergent norm theory. Crowds are common occurrences and can be seen in sporting events, music concerts, shopping sales, and amusement parks.

What are the bases of crowd behavior?

The behaviour of the crowd is always emotionally determined. The things common to all people are such fundamental emotions as fear, anger and rage. In terms of these common elements, crowds form, feel and act. These provide a common bond and a basis for interaction in all conditions.

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