The word ‘psychology’ is derived from two Greek words, ‘psyche’, meaning the mind, soul or spirit and ‘logos’, meaning discourse or to. study. These words combined produce the ‘Study of the mind’.
What is the origin word of psychology?
The word “psychology” was formed from two Greek words. … The second Greek word, logos, originally meant “word” and later expanded in meaning to include “discourse” and eventually “science”. According to its Greek roots, therefore, psychology is literally the science of the mind.
What are the two Greek words of psychology?
The word psychology was formed by combining the Greek psychē (meaning “breath, principle of life, life, soul,”) with –logia (which comes from the Greek logos, meaning “speech, word, reason”).
What does the Greek root word psyche mean in terms of psychology?
Origin of the word psychology. Its the combination of two greek words. Psyche meaning “soul” and logos meaning “the study of” Psychology. The study of the mind.
What is the real meaning of psychology?
Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior, according to the American Psychological Association. Psychology is a multifaceted discipline and includes many sub-fields of study such areas as human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes.
What are the 3 branches of psychology?
It is important to recognize that these three icons were the primary leaders in the three great paradigms in American psychology—behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and humanistic psychology—thus suggesting a link between the three great branches of the discipline and the three most historically significant schools of thought …
What is the root word of psychologist?
The word comes from two Latin root, psyche, meaning “soul, mind, and spirit,” and logia, meaning “the study of.” Unlike a psychiatrist, a psychologist does not have a medical degree, and therefore cannot prescribe medication.
What are the 4 major goals of psychology?
So as you have learned, the four primary goals of psychology are to describe, explain, predict, and change behavior. In many ways, these objectives are similar to the kinds of things you probably do every day as you interact with others.
Who is the founder of functionalism?
In 1890, William James attempted to explain how consciousness functions with his book The Principles of Psychology. Because James’s theories attempted to explain the function of consciousness rather than the structure, his approach was appropriately named functionalism.
How do we define psychology today?
Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. … Those who treat the dysfunctions are clinical psychologists, while many other experts in psychology apply their knowledge of human behavior in fields ranging from economics to sports to hospital design.
Are psyche and soul the same?
Psyche (Greek ψυχή breath, blow) was used in classic Greek as a synonym for the word soul. … Whilst psyche only exists in the body and is connected to the body, soul refers to the part that is unfading.
What does astronomy mean in Greek?
Astronomy (from Greek: ἀστρονομία, literally meaning the science that studies the laws of the stars) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena. … Cosmology is a branch of astronomy. It studies the Universe as a whole.
What does the root auto mean?
The Greek prefix auto- means “self.” Good examples using the prefix auto- include automotive and autopilot. An easy way to remember that the prefix auto- means “self” is through the word autobiography, or the history of a person which is written by that person her”self.”
What are the 4 types of psychology?
There are different types of psychology, such as cognitive, forensic, social, and developmental psychology.
Is Psychology hard to study?
How difficult is it to study psychology? Psychology ranks as a very prestigious degree. The degree is difficult no matter what aspect of psychology you happen to be studying. An awful lot of coursework, exams and lectures are in store for you here.
What are the 7 types of psychology?
Here are seven of the major perspectives in modern psychology.
- The Psychodynamic Perspective. …
- The Behavioral Perspective. …
- The Cognitive Perspective. …
- The Biological Perspective. …
- The Cross-Cultural Perspective. …
- The Evolutionary Perspective. …
- The Humanistic Perspective.