What does stimulus generalization mean in psychology?

Stimulus generalization is the tendency of a new stimulus to evoke responses or behaviors similar to those elicited by another stimulus. For example, Ivan Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate using the sound of a bell and food powder.

What is an example of generalization in psychology?

Generalization, in psychology, the tendency to respond in the same way to different but similar stimuli. For example, a dog conditioned to salivate to a tone of a particular pitch and loudness will also salivate with considerable regularity in response to tones of higher and lower pitch.

What is stimulus generalization in classical conditioning?

Stimulus generalization occurs when a stimulus that is similar to an already-conditioned stimulus begins to produce the same response as the original stimulus does. Stimulus discrimination occurs when the organism learns to differentiate between the CS and other similar stimuli.

What does stimulus discrimination mean in psychology?

It involves the ability to distinguish between one stimulus and similar stimuli. … In both cases, it means responding only to certain stimuli, and not responding to those that are similar.

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What does stimulus mean in psychology?

In psychology, a stimulus is any object or event that elicits a sensory or behavioral response in an organism. … In behavioral psychology (i.e., classical and operant conditioning), a stimulus constitutes the basis for behavior.

What’s the definition of generalization?

1 : the act or process of generalizing. 2 : a general statement, law, principle, or proposition made broad generalizations about women.

What is hasty generalization example?

When one makes a hasty generalization, he applies a belief to a larger population than he should based on the information that he has. For example, if my brother likes to eat a lot of pizza and French fries, and he is healthy, I can say that pizza and French fries are healthy and don’t really make a person fat.

What is an example of stimulus generalization?

Stimulus generalization is the tendency of a new stimulus to evoke responses or behaviors similar to those elicited by another stimulus. For example, Ivan Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate using the sound of a bell and food powder.

What is an example of classical conditioning in everyday life?

Smartphone Tones and Vibes. … You hear that tone and instinctively reach for your smartphone, only to realize it’s coming from someone else’s phone. The chime or tone is a neutral stimulus. Through classical conditioning, you’ve come to associate it with the positive feeling of reading a message.

What are the 3 stages of classical conditioning?

There are multiple stages in classical conditioning. At each stage, stimuli and responses are identified by different terminology. The three stages of classical conditioning are before acquisition, acquisition, and after acquisition.

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What are examples of discriminative stimulus?

Discriminative stimuli set the occasion for behaviors that have been reinforced in their presence in the past. In the example above, the grandma is the discriminative stimulus for the behavior of asking for candy.

What happens when a discriminative stimulus is present?

The presence of a discriminative stimulus causes a behavior to occur. Stimulus discrimination training may also occur with punishment. A behavior is less likely to occur in the presence of the SD. … A behavior is more likely to occur in the presence of the S-Delta.

What is an example of stimulus discrimination training?

Provide an example of stimulus discrimination training with reinforcement and an example with punishment. Outcome: the Pigeon pecks the key only when the red light is on. No, Reinforcement is what causes the behavior to occur when an SD is present.

What is the function of stimulus?

Stimulus function is to evoke the response in an organism is the function of stimulus. In operant conditioning, a stimulus is presented to act as a signal to bring a response. STIMULUS FUNCTION: “Stimulus function is responsible for evoking a particular response from an organism.”

What is an example of a stimulus and a response?

Examples of stimuli and their responses: You are hungry so you eat some food. A rabbit gets scared so it runs away. You are cold so you put on a jacket.

What is the purpose of a stimulus?

A stimulus package is a package of economic measures a government invokes to stimulate a floundering economy. The objective of a stimulus package is to reinvigorate the economy and prevent or reverse a recession by boosting employment and spending.

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