Freud’s psychosexual theory emphasizes the importance of basic needs and biological forces, while Erikson’s psychosocial theory is based upon social and environmental factors. Erikson also expands his theory into adulthood, while Freud’s theory ends at an earlier period.
What is the basic theory of Erikson that is different from his mentor Freud?
The two theories of development both focus on the importance of early experiences, but there are notable differences between Freud’s and Erikson’s ideas. Freud centered on the importance of feeding, while Erikson was more concerned with how responsive caretakers are to a child’s needs.
How did the works of Sigmund Freud influence the work of Erik Erikson?
While Freud’s theory had focused on the psychosexual aspects of development, Erikson’s addition of other influences helped to broaden and expand psychoanalytic theory. He also contributed to our understanding of personality as it is developed and shaped over the course of the lifespan.
What is Freud’s view about child and adolescent development?
Freud described children as going through multiple stages of sexual development, which he labeled Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital. In Freud’s view, each stage focused on sexual activity and the pleasure received from a particular area of the body.
What is Sigmund Freud’s theory?
In Freudian theory, the human mind is structured into two main parts: the conscious and unconscious mind. … In addition to these two main components of the mind, the Freudian theory also divides human personality up into three major components: the id, ego, and superego.
What is Erikson’s theory?
Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. … According to the theory, successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and the acquisition of basic virtues.
Is Erik Erikson’s theory still used today?
Erikson’s theory has always been popular, but as our society has become increasingly older the need has grown to understand the aged individual, making Erikson’s perspective even more valuable and relevant today than it was when he first proposed it.
Why is Erik Erikson Theory important?
Support. One of the strengths of psychosocial theory is that it provides a broad framework from which to view development throughout the entire lifespan. It also allows us to emphasize the social nature of human beings and the important influence that social relationships have on development.
What are the 8 stages of human development?
The 8 Stages of Human Development
- Stage 1: Trust Versus Mistrust. Hero Images / Getty Images. …
- Stage 2: Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt. …
- Stage 3: Initiative Versus Guilt. …
- Stage 4: Industry Versus Inferiority. …
- Stage 5: Identity Versus Confusion. …
- Stage 6: Intimacy Versus Isolation. …
- Stage 7: Generativity Versus Stagnation. …
- Stage 8: Integrity Versus Despair.
Why is Erik Erikson Theory important for teachers?
Teaching Erikson’s theory at the different grade levels is important to ensure that students will attain mastery of each stage in Erikson’s theory without conflict. … This will exhibit teacher appreciation for the areas of interest of the students as well as confidence in their ability.
How is Freud’s theory used in schools?
Though primarily of historical interest, an understanding of Freudian theory may give classroom teachers insight into the importance of unconscious feelings and drives that motivate some student behavior. … Students learn with greater understanding when they share ideas through conversation, debate, and negotiation.
What are the three theories of adolescence?
In the second part, six theoretical perspectives on adolescence are discussed. They are the lifespan perspective, the learning perspective, the humanistic perspective, the ecological perspective, the sociocultural perspective, and the positive youth development perspective.
What does the ID mean?
According to Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, the id is the personality component made up of unconscious psychic energy that works to satisfy basic urges, needs, and desires.
Why is Freud’s psychosexual theory important?
One importance of Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory is the emphasis on early experiences in the development of personality and as an influence on later behavior. … Without doubt, Sigmund Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development is one of the most complex and controversial theories of child development.
Why is Freud’s theory important?
Sigmund Freud’s work and theories helped shape our views of childhood, personality, memory, sexuality, and therapy. Other major thinkers have contributed work that grew out of Freud’s legacy, while others developed new theories out of opposition to his ideas.
What are the 4 personality theories?
There are four major theoretical approaches to the study of personality. Psychologists call them the psychoanalytic, trait, humanistic and social cognition approaches.