What is the main proposition of the cognitive dissonance theory?

Cognitive dissonance theory postulates that an underlying psychological tension is created when an individual’s behavior is inconsistent with his or her thoughts and beliefs. This underlying tension then motivates an individual to make an attitude change that would produce consistency between thoughts and behaviors.

What is the basic theory of cognitive dissonance?

The term cognitive dissonance is used to describe the mental discomfort that results from holding two conflicting beliefs, values, or attitudes. … This inconsistency between what people believe and how they behave motivates people to engage in actions that will help minimize feelings of discomfort.

What is the key idea behind cognitive dissonance theory quizlet?

Basic Idea of Cognitive Dissonance Theory: When we do something we don’t agree with (Counter-attitudinal) this creates an unpleasant, arousing feeling called “cognitive dissonance” that occurs because we realize that our cognitions are inconsistent or that our behavior is inconsistent with what we believe.

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What is the most common cause of cognitive dissonance?


Personal cognitions, such as beliefs about self and personal values result in a higher degree of cognitive dissonance. People don’t like looking dumb, dishonest or unethical, therefore they will be very uncomfortable about any dissonance that threatens their self-image.

How do you identify cognitive dissonance?

Signs you might be experiencing cognitive dissonance include:

  1. General discomfort that has no obvious or clear source.
  2. Confusion.
  3. Feeling conflicted over a disputed subject matter.
  4. People saying you’re being a hypocrite.
  5. Being aware of conflicting views and/or desired but not know what to do with them.

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What is the opposite of cognitive dissonance?

One term that can be regarded as the opposite of cognitive dissonance is cognitive consonance.

Is cognitive dissonance good or bad?

Although people may think cognitive dissonance is a bad thing, it actually helps to keep us mentally healthy and happy. … Resolving dissonance may help prevent us from making bad choices or motivate us to make good ones.

Which of the following is the correct definition of cognitive dissonance?

Which of the following is the correct definition of cognitive dissonance? a state of tension that occurs when a person’s behavior does not correspond to the his or her attitude.

What does cognitive dissonance mean?

Cognitive dissonance describes the discomfort experienced when two cognitions are incompatible with each other. A cognition is a piece of knowledge, such as a: thought. attitude.

What does dissonance mean?

Dissonance means a lack of harmony or agreement between things. There are three ways to create dissonance in writing: … Layout of sounds. Using vowel sounds that clash together.

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How is cognitive dissonance resolved?

Changing Beliefs, Attitudes, Or Behaviors

Cognitive dissonance can only be resolved by the person experiencing it, and that cannot be done until the person realizes that one of their thought patterns is wrong and that they must make an effort to correct it.

Is cognitive dissonance the same as hypocrisy?

Cognitive dissonance theory has a long and esteemed history in social psychology. … Hypocrisy is a special case of cognitive dissonance, produced when a person freely chooses to promote a behavior that they do not themselves practice.

What is cognitive dissonance in relationships?

Cognitive dissonance is the psychological theory that describes the discomfort that results from holding two or more opposing beliefs, and you likely experience it when rationalizing eating that chocolate brownie you know you shouldn’t be eating while on a diet, when seeking biased information to defend your beliefs, …

What is cognitive dissonance narcissism?

One of the key methods of emotional abuse employed by people with narcissistic tendencies is the generalized concept called cognitive dissonance. … Essentially, cognitive dissonance occurs when humans experience a state of holding two or more contradictory thoughts or beliefs in their cognition at one time.

What’s another word for cognitive dissonance?

Cognitive-dissonance synonyms

In this page you can discover 4 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for cognitive-dissonance, like: confusion, sensory-overload, babel and confoundment.

How does cognitive dissonance operate in everyday life?

That feeling of mental discomfort about using plastic bags is an example of cognitive dissonance. This is because your beliefs are clashing with your actions or behavior. You believe that humans need to protect the environment, but you still use plastic bags. The internal conflict that this causes makes you feel bad.

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