The central nervous system (CNS) includes the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. It is safely contained within the skull and vertebral canal of the spine. All of the other nerves in the body are part of the peripheral nervous system (PNS).
What are the 3 nervous systems?
The nervous system comprises the central nervous system, consisting of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, consisting of the cranial, spinal, and peripheral nerves, together with their motor and sensory endings.
What does the nervous system do?
The nervous system controls movement and balance, the five senses (sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch), your thought processes, and how awake and aware you are. It includes the brain, the spinal cord, and all the nerves in the body.
Where is the function of the nervous system?
The nervous system is involved in receiving information about the environment around us (sensation) and generating responses to that information (motor responses). The nervous system can be divided into regions that are responsible for sensation (sensory functions) and for the response (motor functions).
What is nervous system Class 5?
The nervous system is a system in the body which sends signals around the body. It lets people and animals respond to what is around them. … The structure of the system includes the brain and spinal cord, which together are called the central nervous system.
What is nervous system short answer?
The nervous system is a complex network of nerves and cells that carry messages to and from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body. … The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system is made up of the Somatic and the Autonomic nervous systems.
What disease attacks the nervous system?
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare neurological disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks part of its peripheral nervous system—the network of nerves located outside of the brain and spinal cord.
How do you know if your nervous system is damaged?
Signs and symptoms of nervous system disorders
- Persistent or sudden onset of a headache.
- A headache that changes or is different.
- Loss of feeling or tingling.
- Weakness or loss of muscle strength.
- Loss of sight or double vision.
- Memory loss.
- Impaired mental ability.
- Lack of coordination.
What is nervous system and how it works?
The nervous system takes in information through our senses, processes the information and triggers reactions, such as making your muscles move or causing you to feel pain. For example, if you touch a hot plate, you reflexively pull back your hand and your nerves simultaneously send pain signals to your brain.
What are the top 3 common nervous system disorders?
Nervous system diseases
- Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. …
- Bell’s palsy. Bell’s palsy is a sudden weakness or paralysis of facial muscles on one side of the face. …
- Cerebral palsy. …
- Epilepsy. …
- Motor neurone disease (MND) …
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) …
- Neurofibromatosis. …
- Parkinson’s disease.
What is nervous system in human body?
The nervous system is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body. It is essentially the body’s electrical wiring. Structurally, the nervous system has two components: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system.
What are the 5 main parts of the nervous system?
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.
What is nervous system with diagram?
The nervous system has two main parts: The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
What is nervous system BYJU’s?
It is an organ system ascribed to send signals from the spinal cord and the brain throughout the body and then back from all the body parts to the brain. … Neuron acts as the mediator and is the basic signalling unit of the Nervous system.
What is nervous system class 8?
The Nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs to the rest of the body. The entire nervous system can be divided into two subsystems, namely, central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.