The basic meaning of the Greek word ψυχή (psyche) was “life”, although unsupported, some have claimed it is derived from the verb ψύχω (psycho, “to blow”). Derived meanings included “spirit”, “soul”, “ghost”, and ultimately “self” in the sense of “conscious personality” or “psyche”.
Where does the word psyche originate?
Psyche comes from the Greek psykhe, which means “the soul, mind, spirit, or invisible animating entity which occupies the physical body.” That about sums the way we understand the word today.
Is psyche Greek or Latin?
Word Origin for psyche
C17: from Latin, from Greek psukhē breath, soul; related to Greek psukhein to breathe.
What is the meaning of Greek word psyche?
The Greek word “psyche” (or “psychein”) means breathe or blow. … In the context of Christian discourse, the meaning of the term “psyche” has been transformed from a vital force into the “soul” as immaterial, immortal, spiritual substance as part of a person (Graumann, 1996).
Why is psychology named after psyche?
Psyche comes to represent the human soul’s triumph over the misfortunes of life in the pursuit of true happiness (Bulfinch, 1855); in fact, the Greek word psyche means soul, and it is often represented as a butterfly.
Are psyche and soul the same?
Psyche (Greek ψυχή breath, blow) was used in classic Greek as a synonym for the word soul. … Whilst psyche only exists in the body and is connected to the body, soul refers to the part that is unfading. Functions of psyche. Psyche has two main functions.
When was the word psyche first used?
Did You Know? Sometime back in the 16th century, we borrowed the word psyche directly from Greek into English. In Greek mythology, Psyche was a beautiful princess who fell in love with Eros (Cupid), god of love, and went through terrible trials before being allowed to marry him.
Did Eros and Psyche have a child?
After successfully completing these tasks, Aphrodite relents and Psyche becomes immortal to live alongside her husband Eros. Together they had a daughter, Voluptas or Hedone (meaning physical pleasure, bliss). In Greek mythology, Psyche was the deification of the human soul.
Does psyche mean butterfly?
Sampling of Butterfly and the Human Soul Lore
Greek and Minoan. Aristotle gave the butterfly the name psyche , the Greek word for soul. … In ancient Greek the word for butterfly is “psyche” which means “soul”, and was also the name of Eros’ human lover.
Who introduced the term psyche?
The idea of the psyche is central to the philosophy of Plato. … The Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote an influential treatise on the psyche, called in Greek Περὶ Ψυχῆς (Peri Psyches), in Latin De Anima and in English On the Soul. In this work, he used the concept of the soul to explain certain functions.
What is the psyche of a person?
The psyche refers to all of the elements of the human mind, both conscious and unconscious. In colloquial usage, the term sometimes refers to a person’s emotional life. For example, a person might say that trauma has damaged a person’s psyche.
What does psyche mean in slang?
Due to the definition of the word “psyche”, it also sounds appropriate being used as a slang word. Since the word is defined as, “To subject to psychoanalysis” this definition can be stretched to be a slang word meaning, “To outsmart another person”. People often use the word in this way, such as, “She psyched me out!”
How does the psyche work?
The human psyche is the totality of the human mind that helps us navigate through life. Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality states that the three levels of our personalities are the conscious mind, the subconscious mind, and the unconscious mind.
Who is the goddess Psyche?
Psyche, (Greek: “Soul”) in classical mythology, princess of outstanding beauty who aroused Venus’ jealousy and Cupid’s love.
Who is the father of ancient psychology?
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (1832–1920) is known to posterity as the “father of experimental psychology” and the founder of the first psychology laboratory (Boring 1950: 317, 322, 344–5), whence he exerted enormous influence on the development of psychology as a discipline, especially in the United States.
How did psychology develop?
The late 19th century marked the start of psychology as a scientific enterprise. Psychology as a self-conscious field of experimental study began in 1879, when German scientist Wilhelm Wundt founded the first laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychological research in Leipzig.