The nervous system of vertebrates has two main divisions: the central nervous system, consisting of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which in humans includes 12 pairs of cranial nerves, 31 pairs of spinal nerves, and the autonomic, or involuntary, nervous system.
What are the 2 structures of the central nervous system?
The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord.
What are the 2 components of the central nervous system and what is their function?
The central nervous system (CNS) controls most functions of the body and mind. It consists of two parts: the brain and the spinal cord. The brain is the center of our thoughts, the interpreter of our external environment, and the origin of control over body movement.
What are the two components of the central nervous system quizlet?
The central nervous system is comprised of the brain and the spinal cord.
What are the 2 functions of the central nervous system?
The central nervous system CNS is responsible for integrating sensory information and responding accordingly. It consists of two main components: The spinal cord serves as a conduit for signals between the brain and the rest of the body. It also controls simple musculoskeletal reflexes without input from the brain.
What are the four major components of the central nervous system?
Central Nervous System (CNS) Definition
- The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord.
- The brain plays a central role in the control of most bodily functions, including awareness, movements, sensations, thoughts, speech, and memory.
28 июн. 2016 г.
What are the two types of nervous systems?
The nervous system has two main parts:
- The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord.
- The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
1 окт. 2018 г.
What are the 3 functions of the central nervous system?
The CNS is comprised of the brain, cerebellum and spinal cord. Remaining neurons, and associated cells, distributed throughout the body form the PNS. The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output.
What happens if the central nervous system is damaged?
You may experience the sudden onset of one or more symptoms, such as: Numbness, tingling, weakness, or inability to move a part or all of one side of the body (paralysis). Dimness, blurring, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes. Loss of speech, trouble talking, or trouble understanding speech.
What are the top 3 common nervous system disorders?
Brain and nervous system problems are common. These neurological disorders include multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and stroke, and can affect memory and ability to perform daily activities.
Which of the following are components of the central nervous system quizlet?
Terms in this set (4)
- central nervous system (CNS) the brain and spinal cord. …
- peripheral nervous system (PSN) the nerves exiting the brain/spinal cord that serves sensory and motor functions for the rest of the body. …
- spinal cord. …
- vertebral column.
What are the two major components of the peripheral nervous system?
The peripheral nervous system itself is divided into two parts: the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.
Which function of the nervous system is the response?
The nervous system is involved in receiving information about the environment around us (sensation) and generating responses to that information (motor responses). The nervous system can be divided into regions that are responsible for sensation (sensory functions) and for the response (motor functions).
What is the main function of the peripheral nervous system?
The PNS has three basic functions: (1) conveying motor commands to all voluntary striated muscles in the body; (2) carrying sensory information about the external world and the body to the brain and spinal cord (except visual information: the optic nerves, which convey information from the retina to the brain, are in …
What is main function of nervous system?
The nervous system is the major controlling, regulatory, and communicating system in the body. It is the center of all mental activity including thought, learning, and memory. Together with the endocrine system, the nervous system is responsible for regulating and maintaining homeostasis.
What is an example of the central nervous system?
The central nervous system consists of the brain, the brainstem, and the spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system includes the cranial nerves, the spinal nerves, the sympathetic nervous system, and the parasympathetic nervous system. … The spinal cord is continuous with the brain and lies caudally to it.